Author Guidelines & Assignment
General Style Rules
- General Manuscript Information:
- Articles should be transmitted to our attention electronically. Please submit your manuscript in MS Word format as an attachment to your email.
Articles generally should run approximately 1,200 words, including any sidebars or tables. Please also provide two or three figures, as well as permission
to use them.
All articles published in Glaucoma Today are reviewed by the Editor-in-Chief, who has the sole discretion to accept, reject, or edit any article submitted
for consideration. In order to avoid a copyright violation, any article submitted to Glaucoma Today must not be published (or under consideration for
- All articles must include the following:
- Deck: The deck is one sentence beneath the title that alludes to the focus of the article (a subtitle).
- Headings: The article should be divided into sections with headings appropriate to the subject matter. This is for organization, as well as
visual appeal, within the text.
- Byline and Affiliation: Please include your name and full professional affiliation, as you would like it to appear in the article. Please include
your title, institution, city, state, phone number, and e-mail address.
- Financial interest. Please indicate whether you hold a financial interest in any of the products, technologies, and/or companies mentioned within your article.
- Figure and Table Citations
- Order: Cite the figures within the text in numerical order. Figures may be mentioned within a sentence as "Figure 1 shows …" or
placed parenthetically within the text (Figure 1).
- Numbering: Please place figures and tables consecutively within the text. Ensure that the numbering on images or tables corresponds
exactly to the numbering cited within the text.
- Legends: Each figure should have a legend (caption) describing the figure. The legend consists of one to three complete sentences.
Although tables do not require a legend, they do need a title.
- Order: References are to be listed in the order that they are cited in the text and numbered consecutively. They should not be listed
alphabetically. For abbreviations of journal names refer to www.nlm.nih.gov/tsd/serials/lji.html.
- Numbering: Identify the reference in the text by the placing its number at the end of the sentence, following end punctuation (see iii).
Make sure that all references cited are included in the reference list and that all references provided are cited in the text. The list of
references should be placed at the end of the article.
- Format: Please do not use automatic numbering or footnotes for references. Simply place the number at the end of the text in a superscripted
font. For example.1
- Unpublished material: If you must cite unpublished material or personal communications, please do so only in the text. Do not include it
in the reference list. For articles that are accepted, but not yet published, follow the standard format and note "In press" instead of the
page numbers. For papers or posters presented at a meeting that remain unpublished, please cite the authors and title of the presentation,
as well as the meeting, date/month/year, and location (city, state) where it was presented.
- Multi-authored material: If the article contains five or more authors, list the first three authors by name and then use "et al."
Journal article, one to three authors
Galin MA, Hung PT. Surgical repair of leaking blebs. Am J Ophthalmol. 1977;83:328-333.
Journal article, more than three authors
Heijl A, Leske MC, Bengtsson B, et al. Reduction of intraocular pressure and glaucoma progression: results from the Early Manifest Glaucoma Trial.
Arch Ophthalmol. 2002;120:1268-1279.
Journal article, in press
Ming Zhi Z, Lim AS, Yin Wong T. A pilot study of lens extraction in the management of acute primary angle-closure glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol.
Shields MB. Color Atlas of Glaucoma. 4th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins; 1998.
Chapter of a book
Huth EJ. Revising prose structure and style. In: How to Write and Publish Papers in the Medical Sciences. 2nd ed. Baltimore, Md: Williams &
Item presented at a meeting but not published
Sarfarazi M, Rezaie T, Child A, et al. Adult-onset primary open angle glaucoma results from mutations in optineurin. Paper presented at:
Annual Meeting of The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology; May 7, 2002; Fort Lauderdale, FL.
World Wide Web
Health Care Financing Administration. 1996 statistics at a glance. Available at: http://www.hcfa.gov/stats/stathili.htm.
Accessed December 2, 1996.
- Art Guidelines: Artwork may be submitted in digital (electronic) or original (hard copy) form. Digital files may be sent in JPG
(preferred), TIF, or EPS formats. Electronic images should be of high resolution (300 dpi at minimum) and at least 2 inches wide. Powerpoint
and PDF files are also acceptable, but please note that the quality of images in these applications is not always adequate. Original slides
and photos are also acceptable. When sending them, please be sure to indicate the number and orientation of each image. Ensure that no patient
names appear on any figures.
- Regarding any figures, tables, or long quotations borrowed from another source, please obtain the author's and publisher's
permission to reprint them and submit a credit line. If a figure, table, or quoted material that you wish to borrow already
carries a credit line, you must request permission from the source in the credit line, not from the publisher of the book in
which you found the material. For example, if you want to borrow a table from Barker, Principles and Practices of Ambulatory
Medicine, and the credit line reads "Reprinted with permission of Berger MF, Stone CZ, Hoff AB, et al: Medicine, 4th ed. Philadelphia,
PA, WB Saunders, 1996, p 34, you would request permission from WB Saunders.
- Make sure to distinguish among the appropriate use of "reprinted from," "modified from," and "adapted from." "Reprinted" and
"redrawn" require permission. In general, "modified" and "adapted" do not, although a credit line is necessary. When in doubt,
apply for the permission.
- The credit line should be included after the figure legend as follows: "Reprinted with permission from Robertson RT. Clinical
Hypertension. 4th ed. New York, NY: Igaku Shoin, 1999:23-24."
- Although materials in the public domain (including all US government materials and materials older than 75 years) do not require
reprint permission, a credit line is still necessary.
- Photographs of patients in which the faces are recognizable require a signed release form. If no release is available, the
patient's identity will be masked by cropping the image.
- Copies of all permissions should be submitted with your article. Please indicate clearly on the permission form the quotation,
table, or figure to which it pertains.
- Copyright Law mentions the term fair use, which is an important concept when trying to determine whether permission is required or
not. When borrowing material, you must ask for permission if there is any question of whether it is necessary.
Assignment: In order to permit Glaucoma Today to reprint any articles submitted for consideration, Author hereby grants to Bryn Mawr Communications LLC ("Publisher"): the right to publish any Work submitted by Author in Publisher's electronic journal entitled Glaucoma Today, including the additional right to reproduce the Work on Publisher's Web site or via all other such other media as Publisher deems appropriate; the right to reproduce the Work individually, apart from the other works appearing in the issue of the Publication in which the Work originally appeared; and the right to republish the article in whole or in part, with or without fee. Author further grants Publisher the right to use Author's name, likeness, photograph and biographical material in connection with the advertising, publicity or promotion of the Publication and of the Work.
Representations: Author represents and warrants that the Work is original to Author, has not been published elsewhere, is not in the public domain, and does not contain material that infringes upon or violates any personal or intellectual property rights of others or that constitutes defamation or invasion of privacy, or is otherwise unlawful. If requested by Publisher, Author agrees to provide pertinent source materials in the event of any legal action arising from the Work's publication.
- Please note that we use the 9th edition of the American Medical Association Manual of Style.
- We use the serial comma.
- Use abbreviations for units of measure. Do not use periods with abbreviations or acronyms.
- An acronym is used if the word is used three or more times in the article. If you use an acronym, spell it out in the first textual
mention in the article and then include its abbreviation in parentheses. Commonly used items such as IOP, LASIK, OR, etc., do not need to be
- We use one space after a period.
- As per the American Medical Association Manual of Style, we will eliminate the use of the ™ and ® marks.
- If citing a brand-name product, the name and location of the manufacturer must be given at the first mention (only) in the text.
If the manufacturer is cited thereafter for a different product, the location need not be repeated.
- Information for "Challenging Case" articles: These articles differ somewhat from others. They require a title, byline, and author affiliation
information, but no deck is needed. The headings are set up as: "Case Presentation," "How Would You Proceed?" (here, the author poses three to
four questions to the reader), "Surgical Course," and "Outcome."